Shopping Malls erobern die europaeischen Staedte. Sie veraendern die Stadtstruktur und das Erscheinungsbild. Welche Folgen hat es fuer das Leben in der Stadt, wenn immer mehr und immer groessere Einrichtungen dieses Bautyps nicht nur an den Stadtraendern, sonder
Philipp Luettke widmet sich dem wissenschaftlichen Ansatz, der diffuse Beschreibungen von Konsumenten zu Shopping Centern, selektive Kundenbefragungen, wechselnde Marktteilnehmer und Konzepte sowie die Auswirkungen einer sich veraendernden Gesellschaft in R
Exchange of commodities is one of the fundamental economic activities and requirements of the members of a community or society. In the course of evolution of mankind the methods of exchange developed, from bartering at the stage of hunters and food gathe
This book is an attempt to understand shopping leakage from Maseru to Bloemfontein and Ladybrand. The reason and what motivate people to travel a long distance in search for a particular type of goods or services. It investigates the patterns of shopp
Within the past 40 years, shopping centres have increasingly formed the European cityscape and gained in importance, not only from an architectural and urban planning perspective, but also from an economic and social point of view. Owing to its rising significance, the European shopping centre necessitates an analytic statement on the part of architectural research. By comparing the shopping centre sector of a selection of countries, this pilot project offers a holistic approach to a better understanding of the shopping centre´s role in the architecture of our cities and the urban structure of our countries. The project is organised in a top-down structure and subdivided in three research levels. Beginning with the survey of two European countries and their 1,616 shopping centres on the first level, the focus shifts towards a selection of 40 sector-relevant cities with 645 shopping centres on a second level, before focusing on eight cities with 124 shopping centres on the third and final level. The deductive analysis of a rising number of basic key features on every research level aims to evidence the constants and variables of the building type. The constants outline the essential basic properties that are considered indispensable for the efficiency of a shopping centre. Again, the variables show the adaptation of these basic key features to the various local conditions and particularities, allowing conclusions in terms of their adaptation, improvement, difficulties, and opportunities. Together, the outcomes of the three research levels assemble a detailed overall picture of the shopping centre sector from the perspective of architecture and urban development, leading to a general characterisation of the building type in the selected countries. From a scientific perspective, the study offers a methodology and basis of comparison for the evaluation of other European countries while, from a practical perspective, the findings can be used as recommendations for future shopping centre projects.
Physical comfort requirements of users as thermal, visual, and acoustic comfort should be considered and studied in detail when designing and planning public spaces. However, there is not enough research, on the relations between the acoustical parameters