Within the past 40 years, shopping centres have increasingly formed the European cityscape and gained in importance, not only from an architectural and urban planning perspective, but also from an economic and social point of view. Owing to its rising significance, the European shopping centre necessitates an analytic statement on the part of architectural research. By comparing the shopping centre sector of a selection of countries, this pilot project offers a holistic approach to a better understanding of the shopping centre´s role in the architecture of our cities and the urban structure of our countries. The project is organised in a top-down structure and subdivided in three research levels. Beginning with the survey of two European countries and their 1,616 shopping centres on the first level, the focus shifts towards a selection of 40 sector-relevant cities with 645 shopping centres on a second level, before focusing on eight cities with 124 shopping centres on the third and final level. The deductive analysis of a rising number of basic key features on every research level aims to evidence the constants and variables of the building type. The constants outline the essential basic properties that are considered indispensable for the efficiency of a shopping centre. Again, the variables show the adaptation of these basic key features to the various local conditions and particularities, allowing conclusions in terms of their adaptation, improvement, difficulties, and opportunities. Together, the outcomes of the three research levels assemble a detailed overall picture of the shopping centre sector from the perspective of architecture and urban development, leading to a general characterisation of the building type in the selected countries. From a scientific perspective, the study offers a methodology and basis of comparison for the evaluation of other European countries while, from a practical perspective, the findings can be used as recommendations for future shopping centre projects.
Dieses Fachbuch zeigt auf, welches Potenzial das mobile Internet für ´´Early Movers and Adopters´´ und welche Risiken es für die ´´Legarts und Late Movers´´ hat. Wer als Händler bereits einen Bogen um das Online-Thema gemacht hat, sollte es erst recht um das Mobile-Thema tun. Liegt demgegenüber bereits ein Web-Auftritt vor, muss schnellstens eine Optimierung zu mobilgerechten Inhalten und formatgerechter Website erfolgen. ´´Mobile-First´´ setzt mittlerweile den Fokus für sämtliche Online-Aktivitäten und ´´Mobile-Only´´ verdeutlicht, dass der App- und Smartphone-Commerce wohl die zentrale Schlüsselrolle für den Handel der Zukunft spielt. Nicht nur für die Online Pure Plays, sondern vor allem auch für den Location-based Handel. Denn durch mobile Devices wird der simultane Kauf auf allen Kanälen möglich, vor allem mit der Gerätenutzung im Laden. Dabei werden die Location-based Services (LBS), denen eine Schlüsselrolle im Handel der Zukunft zukommt, besonders gewichtet und mit einer empirischen Zeitreihen-Studie in Hinblick auf Nutzung sowie Potenzial erforscht. Der Inhalt ´´Always-on´´ - das neue Kaufverhalten Neuausrichtung des App- und Smartphone-Commerce Location-based App- und Smartphone-Commerce App-based Social Commerce Studie über Smartphone-Nutzung und -Lokalbezug
The first in a new series of Methuen anthologies celebrating modern drama. Includes ´´Top Girls, Oleanna, Hysteria, Blasted, Shopping & F***ing´´ and ´´The Beauty Queen Of Leenane´´.
First published in 1979, The White Album records indelibly the upheavals and aftermaths of the 1960s. Examining key events, figures, and trends of the era--including Charles Manson, the Black Panthers, and the shopping mall--through the lens of her own spiritual confusion, Joan Didion helped to define mass culture as we now understand it. Written with a commanding sureness of tone and linguistic precision, The White Album is a central text of American reportage and a classic of American autobiography.
Christmas has arrived in the town of Wynbridge and it promises mince pies, mistletoe and a whole host of seasonal joy. Ruby has finished with university and is heading home for the holidays to save up for her trip around the world in January. Against her father´s wishes, she takes on a stall at the local market, and sets about making it the best Christmas market stall ever. There´ll be bunting and mistletoe and maybe even a bit of mulled wine. But with a new retail park just opened on their doorstep, the market is under threat. So together with all the other stallholders, Ruby devises a plan to make sure that Wynbridge is the first port of call for everyone´s Christmas shopping needs. The only thing standing in her way is Ruby´s ex, Steve. It´s pretty hard to concentrate on saving the world when he works on the stall opposite, especially when she realises that her feelings for him are still there… This Christmas make time for some winter sparkle - and see who might be under the mistletoe this year…
A 50+ page collection of intense moments and amazing insights from the dangerously romantic world of the FALLEN series. A party that goes terribly wrong, Arriane on a heavenly shopping spree, Daniel navigating the streets of L.A., Miles taking a step into darkness, an uncomfortable scene at Shoreline, an angel on the hunt, and a deleted scene of a date between Luce and Daniel make up this digital collection, offering a unique glimpse into the world of Fallen, a must for any fan of Lauren Kate. Includes a preview chapter of Lauren Kate´s novel Teardrop. And don´t miss FALLEN on the big screen! The first book in the worldwide bestselling FALLEN series is now a motion picture -- currently available for streaming and releasing in theaters September 8th, 2017.
´´Marco Polo Pocket Guide Mauritius: the Travel Guide with Insider Tips. Explore Mauritius with this handy, pocket-sized, authoritative guide, packed with Insider Tips. Discover boutique hotels, authentic restaurants, the island´s trendiest places, and get tips on shopping and what to do on a limited budget. There are plenty of ideas for travel with kids, and a summary of all the festivals and events that take place in Mauritius. Let Marco Polo show you all this tropical paradise has to offer. Mark Twain once said that God created Mauritius first and then modelled Paradise on it. Whoever flies to Mauritius is looking for sun, sand and sea; what you will find is an absolutely magical place. Experience the jewel of the Indian Ocean up-close. Just an hour from the beach you will be in the rainforest, and it only takes a few minutes from the Tamil temple to the Christian shrine. Experience the bustle of Port Louis and discover the colourful villages nearby which seem to come from a different age. This is Mauritius!
Experience all the island´s attractions with this up-to-date and authoritative guide, complete with ´Best Of´ recommendations. You´ll discover nice hotels and restaurants as well as night spots and other trendy places to go. There are also ideas for shopping and tips for those on a budget, plus suggestions for what to do with kids, and sports and activities. Further sections include: Festivals and Events, Travel Tips, Links, Blogs, Apps & more, French phrase book and index. Mark Twain once said that God created Mauritius first and then modelled Paradise on it. Whoever flies to Mauritius is looking for sun, sand and sea; what they will find is an absolutely magical place. With MARCO POLO Mauritius experience the jewel of the Indian Ocean up-close. This practical, pocket-sized guide takes you to numerous interesting places. Just an hour from the beach you will be in the rainforest, and it only takes a few minutes from the Tamil temple to the Christian shrine. Experience the bustle of Port Louis and discover the colourful villages nearby which seem to come from a different age. The MARCO POLO Insider Tips reveal where you can get miracle teas and why you should take part in the Diwali festival. The ´Best Of´ pages point out some experiences unique to Mauritius, recommend things to do for free, and have tips for rainy days and where you can relax and unwind. You will find out what´s trendy on the island, be it diving in a submarine or enjoying Reggae and Sega music. In the Excursions & Tours chapter you can discover the eastern part of the island or embark on a trip through all the climatic zones. Mauritius is a paradise for all kinds of sports! Whether golf, canyoning or hiking: hardly any sporting wish is left unfulfilled; the Sport & Activities chapter will give you some good tips. Finally the Dos & Don´ts highlight a few things you need to be aware of when visiting the island. MARCO POLO Mauritius provides comprehensive coverage of all parts of the island. To help you find your way around there are ´Where First´ panels in the text, a detailed Road Atlas, a useful map of Port Louis in the cover, plus a separate pull-out map.
Urbanization of the Earth: Urban geography is a lively and almost unlimited field of research. Supported by its neighbouring disciplines such as demography, sociology, economics and technologies of construction, traffic management and communications, it seeks to recognize trends and principles, and with regard to the future, to facilitate structured action. Entitled ´´Urbanization of the Earth´´, this series provides a platform for critically investigating a crucial junction in the relationships between man and the Earth. Humans as individuals or society as a whole, have proved to be a powerful force for shaping the surface of the Earth, almost equalling natural phenomena. Many more urban phenomena await study and analysis - generating a great deal of material, at least for further studies within urban geography and the observation of this lively interface between humans and their environment. Large investments in the real estate and tourism sector, as well as rising numbers of tourists and immigrants, have led to a sustained boom in Dubai and Las Vegas. At the same time, and against the background of an urban governance and the transfer of competences to private and semi-state actors in both metropolises, a brisk urban transformation has been embarked upon, with the creation of countless entertainment, shopping, and artificial worlds. This development is primarily characterised by the theming of everyday life, but above all an ´´Economy of Fascination´´. The casino and hotel landscapes simulating various scenes from Ancient Rome to modern New York, artificial islands in the shapes of palm trees or whole world maps as well as other superlatives in the form of themed shopping malls and sports arenas are the most visible results of these rapid changes. This paper develops guidelines for a research perspective called ´´Economy of Fascination´´ and turns to Dubai and Las Vegas to exemplify the approach. An analytical understanding first builds on general trends and development lines against the backdrop of urban governance, entertainment orientation, and commercialisation. They form the starting point for an analysis of the mechanisms of attention and fascination, which are considered to be the main aspects of an ´´Economy of Fascination´´.
´´When I first saw Max Random, he was driving his go-kart right at me. He was also wearing goggles, so it was hard to tell if he was dead or alive. I was pretty sure, though, that zombies didn´t know how to drive. ´´´Not dead,´ Max said, as he stepped out of the kart to look at me. ´You should get in.´´´ And so, weeks after watching her principal try to chew up her school teacher, and minutes after she´d just lost her family, 12-year-old Aurora Bonsall begins her odyssey of escape with Max Random in his hand built go-kart, across a ruined map of abandoned studio back-lots, wrecked shopping malls, encounters with the not-quite dead in hospitals and the not-quite-tame when they meet a feral cat. All while realizing that surviving humans can be far more dangerous than the Nano-Z´s taking over the world. Max, meanwhile, keeps driving them toward a rendezvous where he says they will be safe. But as Aurora discovers he has secrets of his own, she wonders if there can ever be any escape at all.